Rare 1,500-Year-Old Roman Mosaic Discovered Beneath a U.K. Farm

A man was walking around his father’s farm when he made a very important discovery in Rutland, England. Jim Irvine, who is the son of farmer Brian Naylor, found an ancient Roman mosaic underneath the soil which then led to the discovery of a Roman villa complex.

In an interview with the i newspaper, Mr. Irvine explained how he made the discovery, “I noticed these bits of pottery, oyster shells and what I now know to be orange Roman roof tiles.” He then used Google Earth to get a better view of the land and he noticed a crop mark that had never been noticed before. At that point, he contacted a local museum, and then began digging on the property with his father. That’s when a few rusty red mosaic tiles were revealed.

(Not the mosaic mentioned in this article.)

“Because of the crop mark I knew there would be something to find. I was hoping for the top of a wall; I never expected in a million years to come across a mosaic, especially one as special as this,” he stated, adding, “I knew we had to proceed very carefully and after a couple of hours I realized it was time to call in the specialists.”

According to a statement regarding the discovery, excavations were conducted by an archaeological team at Leicestershire County Council, as well as students and staff members from the University of Leicester’s School of Archaeology and Ancient History, and Historic England which is part of the British government sponsored by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

The artifacts were initially discovered by Mr. Irvine during the summer of 2020 and for the past year, the research team has found the rest of the mosaic. The entire mosaic measured approximately 36 feet (11 meters) by 23 feet (7 meters). It shows a scene from Homer’s “The Iliad” where the Greek warrior Achilles fought the Trojan prince Hector during the final stages of the Trojan War.

(Not the mosaic mentioned in this article.)

It was believed to have been used as a floor in an entertaining room or dining room. On top of the mosaic, human remains were found that were probably placed there after the inhabitants stopped living in the structure.

In addition to the mosaic, the researchers found numerous other structures that include a possible bath house and several barns. It is believed that the villa complex was inhabited sometime between the 3rd and 4th centuries and seems to be a “…very well-preserved example of a villa in its entirety,” as described by John Thomas who is the deputy director of University of Leicester Archaeological Services and the project manager of the excavations.

Several photos of the mosaic can be viewed here.

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Why Can’t We Solve the Mystery of the Roswell “UFO” Crash?

In relation to the question I have posed at the top of this article, it’s not as easy as you might think. The biggest problem is that apart from a one-page FBI document on the Roswell case from 1947, there is nothing else to be seen or found in government archives. No documents. No files. No dossiers at the National Archives that we can read. Nothing. There are only (a) the memories of the families of the people who were at the site and at the time, and (b) the words of the very few who are still alive, and (c) the handful of military personnel who are just about hanging on. Despite several investigations into the Roswell affair in the 1990s (two by the U.S. Air Force and one by what used to be called the General Accounting Office, and what is now titled the Government Accountability Office), nothing appeared of substance. Just about everyone who has an interest in UFOs will know that back in the summer of 1947, something crashed to Earth outside of Roswell, New Mexico. The object was first described as a “Flying Disk,” and a day after that as nothing stranger than a weather-balloon. And that’s where things stopped and were largely forgotten until Bill Moore and Stan Friedman resurrected the mysterious affair in the mid-1970s. And, although a great deal of testimony is now on file, we still haven’t found a single, solid piece of anything; whether photos of dead bodies, old files or…well…anything.

Now, many might say that the reason why we haven’t been able to penetrate the secret of Roswell is because the U.S. Air Force has it all hidden away. However, I don’t believe that, at all. You’ll see what I mean by that. When, in the 1990s, the Air Force began to take a new look at Roswell, it worded its reports very carefully. I’ll explain that. Despite what many UFO researchers have said, the Air Force never stated that the answer to Roswell was a Top Secret, huge “Mogul” balloon designed to monitor for Russian atomic bomb-tests. What the Air Force actually said was that they suspected that the “Mogul” theory was probably the correct picture. It was very much the same when, in 1997, (the 50th anniversary of the incident), the Air Force brought out its “crash-test dummy” report that suggested that the “alien bodies” found not too far from Roswell in ’47 were really nothing but mannequins used in high-altitude flights. It’s important to note that the Air Force never said that the crash-test dummy theory was the answer. Rather, the Air Force said, the “dummy” angle was the likely answer. In other words, the Air Force came up with two theories. And that’s what they were: theories. But, not hard facts. Even the Air Force admitted that.

(Nick Redfern) Crash-Test Dummies at Roswell? No.

If you read those two, aforementioned Air Force reports – along with the GAO report – and you read them carefully, you’ll see that the Air Force made it clear (albeit briefly) that there was no hard evidence to prove that the Mogul and dummy theories provided definitive answers. Now, some Ufologists might say that the Air Force was lying when they reeled out their 1990s-era reports; that the Air Force was hiding the alien truth. But, I don’t think the Air Force was lying. Not even in the slightest. In my opinion, the Air Force of the 1990s was completely out of the loop of Roswell. As was the GAO team. It may sound strange to suggest that the U.S. Force of the 1990s was not given access to the real story, whatever it was/is. But, such a thing is quite plausible. And, it all revolves around the issue of what are known in the U.S. government as Special Access Programs. Or, SAPs. It is within the domain of SAPs that secrecy so often resides. And, it’s highly likely that the truth of Roswell is hidden deep within the heart of a SAP that has overseen the  Roswell puzzle for decades. In essence, Special Access Programs are highly classified projects that are buried so deeply that not even the U.S. Congress knows much about them – if, indeed, anything at all. There is another important issue to note when it comes to Special Access Programs: just because a person may have a Top Secret clearance, it does not mean that he or she automatically has the “magic key” that opens just about every door in government, every secure facility, and every well-guarded underground bunker. In fact, quite the opposite is the case. On the matter of Special Access Programs, the concept of “need to know” is as significant as one’s level of security clearance.

(Nick Redfern) Out at the Roswell Crash Site

Let’s say that, purely hypothetically, there is still  a secret Special Access Program that is sitting on the smoking-gun that would reveal the full story of the November 22, 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas. “John Smith” and “Bill Jones” may both have Top Secret clearances. Smith is tasked with hiding the truth of the death of the president. Jones, however, is an expert in North Korea’s plans to develop and deploy nuclear weapons. There would be no need for Jones to have access to the JFK-themed Special Access Program because it has no bearing on his work and expertise in the field of North Korea’s military. That both men have identical security clearances has no bearing, at all, when it comes to SAPs. In fact, it is wholly irrelevant. It all comes down to what a person needs to know to do their job, or, more specifically, what they don’t need to know. That is the way in which secrets are kept. In other words, the control that oversees what we can know, and what we can’t be told, doesn’t just apply to the public and the media. It also applies to the government itself.

In conclusion, and incredibly, what all of this means is that, just like us in the UFO research field, the U.S. Air Force has been denied access to the history, to the files, to the documents, to the photos, to the recovered whatever-it-was that crashed, and to the remains of the bodies. And, as a result, the Air Force – denied from being briefed on the real story and not given any access to the “Roswell Special Access Program”- did its very best by coming up with the Mogul and crash-dummy scenarios.

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The Crash Location of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 May Have Been Pinpointed

It’s the biggest missing plane mystery of the 21st century. On March 8, 2014, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370) took off from Kuala Lumpur International Airport but never arrived at Beijing Capital International Airport. The Boeing 777-200ER aircraft last communicated with air traffic control around 38 minutes after takeoff over the South China Sea, military radar tracked it for another hour as it deviated from its planned flight path until it disappeared 200 nautical miles (370 km) northwest of Penang Island … resulting in the presumed death of 227 passengers and 12 crew members. The most expensive search – actually multiple searches — in history has turned up a few pieces of aircraft debris but no remains, no plane and no explanation. That may change soon.

“Taken together all this data supports an overwhelming case for a renewed search in the prime crash location of 33.177°S 95.300°E.”

British aerospace engineer Richard Godfrey has spent the past nine months testing his new search technique called weak signal propagation reporter (WSPR) to track MH370’s fatal flight. He explained the technique earlier this year – WSPR is a protocol used by amateur radio operators for locating potential signal propagation paths with low-power transmissions. Stations with internet access can automatically upload their reception reports to a central database called WSPRnet. Godfrey says these signals could be “tripped” by planes passing through them and that interruption would be recorded in the database. He determined that MH 370 could have passed through 518 of these WSPR paths. Meeting skepticism when he first proposed it, Geoffrey Thomas of Airline Ratings reports that Godfrey spent the past nine months testing his WSPR technology on a series of “blind” flights that were not recorded on the usual tracking systems and “In each case, he was able to track the flight accurately in trials adjudicated by AirlineRatings.com/The West Australian and a former Qantas 747 captain.” (Charts here.)

“According to Richard Godfrey MH370 impacted the ocean 1,933km due west of Perth at 33.177°S 95.300°E and lies at a depth of 4,000m in a very mountainous area with deep ravines and a volcano.”

Godfrey says the WSPR data is a diary of pilot Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah’s actions until the crash. According to the WSPR-derived simulation, after deviations from the planned route, Zaharie entered a holding pattern south of Indonesia, then headed for Geraldton in Western Australia, then changed course to the final crash point. Godfrey speculates that Captain Zaharie was preparing for a controlled water landing but ran out of fuel. Without power, the flaps no longer worked.

“The descent speed went from 4,500ft (1,370m) a minute to 15,000ft (4,572m) a minute in the space of eight seconds.”

If Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 now lies at a depth of 4,000m in a very mountainous area with deep ravines and a volcano, what next? The last full-scale search for MH370 was undertaken in 2018 by US robotics company Ocean Infinity – its unmanned underwater vehicles covered nearly 50,000 square miles of ocean floor and found nothing. However, Godfrey claims Ocean Infinity was told not to look in the area because it had already been searched by the survey ships Fugro Equator and Fugro Supporter. Fugro data will be re-examined by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau, and Ocean Infinity says it is ready to search the area again. All it takes ins money — in March 2019, the Malaysian government stated that it will look at any “credible leads or specific proposals.”

Time to dive?

Is Richard Godfrey’s WSPR-found location a “credible lead”? Skeptics say the WSPR signals may be too weak to be reliable. Let’s hope we find out soon.

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Possible Female Ghost Photographed at Ireland’s Ross Errilly Friary

A photograph that was taken at the Ross Errilly Friary in Headford, County Galway, Ireland, has many people speculating that it captured the ghostly apparition of a female.

It was during an investigation conducted by the Paranormal Supernatural Investigations Ireland group when the apparition was captured with a Structured Light Scanning (SLS) camera. Just before the photo was taken, an unexplained figure was mapped out on their SLS camera. At that point, the team began snapping photos and one of them seemed to show a mysterious figure.

Richard Morrison, who is a member of the PSI Ireland’s team, went into further details in an interview with the Irish Sun, “We have done a bit more research into the friary itself and it was actually a Franciscan monastery up until the early or mid-1700s.” “It was obviously monks who were there but most of our followers were saying this picture was a female, so we were wondering why there was a female connected to the abbey.”

He went on to say, “After looking into it, we realized there is actually family crypts and tombs that were placed inside the abbey from the early 1800s.” With numerous families being buried at the location, this may explain why a female allegedly appeared on camera.

Many of the team’s online followers were convinced that it was a female as one user wrote, “A lovely lady I’m guessing?” with another person writing, “I see a woman that’s carrying a baby and also a man’s face at the bottom of the photo.”

Founded around the year 1460 (although that date is subject for debate), the Ross Errilly Friary does have a long and tragic history as approximately 200 monks were imprisoned there in 1538 and several others were either banished or killed.

Not surprising, numerous people have claimed to have seen the ghost of a monk roaming around the property. There is one place in particular that is said to be haunted and that is at the top of some stairs. People who have been in that specific area have claimed to have felt sudden cold spots.

While it would make sense a ghostly monk would have been captured on camera, the PSI Ireland team may have instead photographed a female, but you can decide for yourself as the image can be viewed here.

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Vietnam police expose illegal online gambling ring worth $3.8B

Police from the Ho Chi Minh City of Vietnam have busted an illegal online gambling ring worth $3.8 billion in gambler’s funds.
The gambling sites also engaged in the theft of players’ funds during periods of high user activity. 

Police in Vietnam have busted the largest cryptocurrency-enabled illegal online gambling ring in the country. Based on a report from the state-owned broadcaster VTV, the gambling ring had a pool worth about $3.8 billion. These funds came from gamblers, without the reciprocal money from the dealer. Police from Ho Chi Minh City have now detained 59 people associated with the gambling ring.

Notably, not all kinds of gambling are illegal in Vietnam. The government allows betting in casinos, lotteries, horse and greyhound racing, and some degree of sports betting. But even then, there are still certain conditions and restrictions that participants and organizers have to adhere to. However, online gambling and private card rooms are strictly prohibited in the country. 

Additionally, Vietnamese law does not recognize cryptocurrencies as legal means of payment, assets, or foreign currency. However, there are no restrictions or rules on buying, holding, and trading crypto. In July, the country’s Ministry of Finance established a research group to perform in-depth studies on cryptocurrencies. The results of the same would be used in developing a clearer legislative framework for the industry in the country.

Vietnam authorities raid online gambling ring

The online gambling platform, the report notes, was operating on a large-scale basis, having established itself in several provinces and cities in the country. Organizers would lure players into the gambling sites by showcasing lavish lifestyles including expensive cars, houses and fancy parties. They even offered them insurance packages, promising a refund should they lose six games – a deal that would appear too sweet to an analytical person.

To participate, one had to purchase cryptocurrencies like Ethereum (ETH) or Tether (USDT) from the escrowed peer-to-peer crypto marketplace Remitano. These would enable them to gamble on the websites Swiftonline.live and Nagaclubs.com, which are local branches of the international betting platform Evolution.com.

In addition to operating illegally, the platform organizers would intentionally crash the websites when there was a large number of participants. The downtime gave them the opportunity to steal funds from the players’ crypto wallets.

Already, the suspects have admitted to their role in organizing the online gambling site. Police also seized several items that were used to propagate the online scheme. These include seven luxury cars, 55 laptops and desktop computers, 39 mobile phones, ATM cards and cash worth over 2.9 billion dongs ($130,000).

This is not the first of such busts in Vietnam. Last year, police in Hanoi cracked down a similar site by the name ‘No Hu,’ whose revenues were estimated at a whopping $2.6 billion. The same happened in 2019 with a $1.2 billion online gambling ring.

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Monsters & Beasts: Author David Weatherly Chases Downs the Cryptids of the United States

As you might well know, for the most part I don’t do too much in the way of book reviews. That is, however, unless something really significant comes along. And, today, we do have something significant to share with you. It comes from David Weatherly, the author of many books, including Black Eyed Children and Strange Intruders. You may also know that David has, for sometime now, been working on a highly ambitious project to chronicle the strange creatures, the unknown animals, and the monsters of the entire United States. That’s right: David’s goal is to write a book based on every single U.S. state.  All of them. Some might say that such a thing is way too ahead. Not so, I say. David, so far, has a handful of books in the series. And, as I write this article, two more books in the collection are on their way. With that all said, let us see what David has to say about the strange creatures of both Montana and Georgia. We’ll begin with the first. Titled Monsters of Big Sky Country – and with a Foreword from John LeMay – it makes for gripping and eye-opening reading.

There is a particularly fascinating section of the book that is focused solely on unknown, flying monsters. If you thought that the Mothman of Point Pleasant, West Virginia, was the only one of its type, you would be wrong. As you will now see. David delves deep into the world of Native America and of the legendary, gigantic Thunderbirds that are part and parcel of Native America’s history. As one example of many, David says: “In the 1860s, a party of Blackfoot, led by Heavy Runner, set out on a horse raid against the Crow tribe. When they reached Bear Creek, they spotted a massive bird flying directly before them. Heavy Runner believed the creature was an ill omen and decided to turn back and abandon the raid.” We learn that a significant body of the tribe ignored the omen. It turned out that was a very big mistake. As David says: “Five of them were killed during the attempted raid, seemingly affirming that the bird was a sign of bad fortune.”

How about Georgia’s lake monsters? The cousins of the Loch Ness Monster, maybe?  There are more than a few strange things lurking in the waters of Montana. As David reveals: “Ronald Haller was floating downriver near Fort Benton in Chouteau County in the summer of 1970 when a 6-8-foot-long black fish struck his boat with so much force that it dented the fiberglass.” Then, there’s the Flathead River and Flathead Lake. Legends of a giant beaver in the same area abound, too. As for the description of the Flathead Lake monster, it’s described, says David, as “…with some reporting it as a giant fish, while others point to something more prehistoric in appearance.” Add to that the tribe of the “little people of the Pryor Mountains,” huge snakes, Bigfoot, and what are intriguingly titled “Living Lights,” and you will come to appreciate the sheer extent of the mysterious creatures that lurk and roam in Montana.

Now, let us focus on the state of Georgia and our second book today: Peach State Monsters (with a Foreword from Joshua Cutchin). On reading the Georgia-based book I was particularly intrigued by the large number of reports of creatures that can only be termed as werewolves, as mysterious wolves, and as Dog-Men of the type that Linda Godfrey has investigated for a long time. We are talking about very mysterious canids. And, there is the Wolf Girl of Talbot County (of the 1840s). To some degree, there appears to be similarities. Sadly, it seems that with regard to the latter story, it was created out of a girl who, as David says, “had an unusual appearance.” Reportedly, she had shaggy hair, and her teeth were almost fang-like. That she became a recluse, caused the stories and rumors surrounding her to grow even more. Moving on, how about a tiger on the loose in Georgia’s Bulloch County back in 1890? Not exactly a monster, but certain an out of place animal! And a potentially dangerous and deadly one, too.

Reports of so-called “Alien Big Cats” can be found all over the place, and not just in the United States. Certainly, the most mysterious of the ABCs are the “Phantom panthers.” Typically large, they are black in color and eerily elusive. Georgia certainly has its share of ABCs, David shows. This particular story – of the Alien Big Cats – is a fascinating one. It makes it very clear that, over not just the years – but the centuries, too – ABCs have been roaming around a great deal of Georgia. On the Bigfoot front, David reveals the multiple types of man-things that prowl around Georgia: Skunk Apes, Wild Men, hairy swamp monsters and, of course, Bigfoot. It’s clear from David’s research that there appears to be more than just one type of mysterious ape in the U.S., something that makes the mystery even more amazing. And, there is the undeniably creepy story of a Georgia-based giant spider “as big as a house cat!” Now, that would most definitely be an amazing sight! And, finally, many thanks to David – and his Eerie Lights Publishing company – for giving us permission here at Mysterious Universe to use the cover images of David’s two books, all skillfully put together by ace artist Sam Shearon.

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Dancing Supermassive Black Holes Discovered in a Deadly Tight Embrace

Astronomers readily admit that black holes are hard to find – even the supermassive ones. Knowing that most galaxies have a supermassive black hole in their center helps, but some that formed when two galaxies collided should have a pair of supermassive black holes that gravitate together in a gravitational hug. That was the case with the galaxy NGC 7727, in the constellation Aquarius, whose peculiar irregular shape indicated a collision, but it was only recently that astronomers using the using the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) discovered its two supermassive black holes … and were immediately in a frenzy when they realized they were the closest pair of supermassive black holes to Earth ever detected and so close to each other that their hug looks more like a dance of death.

Somebody cure up “The End” by the Doors.

“The small separation and velocity of the two black holes indicate that they will merge into one monster black hole, probably within the next 250 million years.”

That’s the blink of a cosmic eye, according to Holger Baumgardt, a professor at the University of Queensland and co-author of a study published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics which announced the discovery of two tightly joined supermassive black holes just 89 million light-years from Earth and only 1600 light-years apart – dead-center in the galaxy GC 7727. The larger one has a mass almost 154 million solar masses, while the smaller is 6.3 million solar masses. Together, they affect the motion of the stars around them and that’s how Karina Voggel, an astronomer at the Strasbourg Observatory in France and lead author of the study, found them.

“Our finding implies that there might be many more of these relics of galaxy mergers out there and they may contain many hidden massive black holes that still wait to be found. It could increase the total number of supermassive black holes known in the local Universe by 30 percent.”

One of them might be NGC 7252, a neighbor of NGC 7727 in the Aquarius constellation located 220 million light years away that may have two supermassive black holes or one intermediate-mass black hole. These merged galaxies are generally extremely old and can help understand the early days of the universe when they were two separate galaxies.

And then there was one.

Sadly, we also know the not-too-distant future of these dancing supermassive black holes – a supermassive collision resulting in one survivor … possibly a mysterious intermediate black hole which astronomers suspect are the result of such mergers. While it’s only 250 million years away, we’re going to miss it.

Since it won’t be on pay-per-view, photos of the dancing supermassive black holes can be seen here. Bets on what will happen can probably be placed in Vegas.

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How to Start Mining Crypto in Three Easy Steps. Your Guide to Cloud Mining

The cloud mining industry brings a lot of offers to users who want to be involved in the cryptocurrency space. Best cloud mining providers allow people to join the high-profitable process of earning crypto without configuring Bitcoin farms. So let’s take a look at this process in greater detail.

Understanding mining in the cloud

First, mining is the backbone technology of the blockchain and cryptocurrency models. Using the hardware with high performance, crypto miners all over the world create new coins and get their mining rewards. But for today, anyone can start earning Bitcoins and altcoins without purchasing high-end equipment. Cloud mining is a mechanism to mine cryptocurrency in the cloud by renting hash capacities from the industrial data centers owned and operated by big companies. So if you’ve been waiting for years to start a crypto business with low risks, there’s no day but today.

Step one. Find trusted website

There are dozens of providers that work in the field of crypto coin mining. Mind not all of them are reputable companies. The internet is full of scams, and the cloud mining industry isn’t immune from numerous fraudsters. If you wish to deal with a legit profitable platform that will return your funds, take some time to do your own research. You can find the best cloud mining platforms recs reading the reviews and articles on reputable crypto-related sources.

Step two. Select an option

Most hash providers offer mining Bitcoins as well as many popular altcoins. Despite the lower competition for miners on small coins markets, it’s not always that profitable, in fact. You can select them if you need some practice in the crypto mining business. And for advanced cryptocurrency experience, it is always better to choose Bitcoin and Ethereum plans.

Most platforms use an annual subscription model that offers customers different options to mine coins. The cloud mining contracts differ in the prices, profitability rates, hash power, duration period, terms, etc. Use an income calculator to overview different contracts’ profitability. Also, you can ask for help by contacting technical support. Best cloud mining platforms provide customers with round-the-clock support and personal managers. So it’s not that difficult to choose a plan with the best return opportunities. Pay attention to the hash rate you lease. The hash power is the key aspect that impacts the revenue performance in this field.

Step three. Start mining

It is easy to join the global mining process wherever you are. Just sign up and create an account on the chosen legit website. Most companies require users to verify themselves.

After a successful verification procedure, you can make a deposit and rent a miner. It is really convenient as many cloud mining companies offer different payment methods. The most popular are Bitcoin wallets, credit cards, electronic payments, and bank transfers. The mining usually starts right after your funds are enrolled in the company’s account or cryptocurrency wallet. You get your mining rewards daily, and it is an extra benefit of cloud mining services.

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Axion Is Bringing a Variety of New Features Upon Completing the Move to Polygon

The crypto industry’s DeFi sector has blown up over the last two year, giving birth to countless projects and protocols that are working on spreading decentralized finance throughout the world and solving the issues of inequality on a global level. Among these projects, some have performed better than others, either due to greater popularity, better features and services, or some other reason.

Axion, for example, blew up for several reasons. It was among the early staking projects launched on Ethereum, and it offered top-quality services, such as high APR, Bitcoin distributions, a token launchpad, and over time, much more. These days, its ecosystem consists of numerous powerful tools that have the goal of removing the need for traditional banks and financial services, and allowing crypto users to earn and manage their own money, use it at any time, and win rewards in exchange for supporting the project and its network.

Axion experiences its secondary launch

Only recently, Axion completed its shift from Ethereum’s network to Polygon, which is beneficial for the project due to a variety of reasons. First, Polygon is infinitely faster and more scalable than Ethereum, which might be better than it is right now after Ethereum 2.0 launches, but its efficiency remains in question. Meanwhile, Polygon is right there, right now, tested and confirmed to work.

Faster speeds will also lead to extremely low transaction fees, with some of the most complex transactions costing pennies or less, which will also influence the traders’ and other participants’ earnings. Less of an investor’s assets go into paying gas fees and more can go towards principal. Best of all, Axion is now preparing a number of new services and features, while simultaneously improving the old ones.

The project has achieved a lot in the last year, which allowed it to become one of the most unique and fastest developing DeFi protocols in the world. Of course, it is fully audited with four successful audits behind its back, proving that Axion is highly secured, and so are its smart contracts. More than that, it has a one-of-a-kind community-driven support service through its website for any investors to get their questions answered by talking to a real person.

One example of this is the fact that Axion is the first crypto project in the world to start offering NFT Stake minting, which the team is calling Galaxy Stakes. Investors will be able to take their stakes and mint them as unique NFTs with procedural animated galaxies as the visual representation of their investment. On top of that, it is also the first crypto project to offer things like stake splitting, which allows users to upgrade or take the top off of their stake without losing the entire amount to penalties.

As many likely know, penalties are a key part of staking projects, as they ensure that people will not try to manipulate the system and the asset’s price by depositing large amounts for staking, only to suddenly withdraw them before the staking period runs out. Now, Axion allowed its supporters a way around the penalties, under certain conditions.

Axion is the first crypto in the world to introduce a number of other things also, such as the ability to buy and stake in a single transaction through its unique token Accelerator, offering up to a 15% bonus on principal for Max Stakes. Despite its low fees (especially since moving to Polygon), each transaction would still be accompanied by a fee. And, since it would take one transaction to buy the tokens, and another to stake them, users would have to pay twice just to perform this simple activity. The Accelerator will now let them only pay once in exchange for doing both. 

And, potentially best of all, whenever an incoming investor buys AXN through the Accelerator, they get automatically minted a Particles NFT, which can be used in the new Axion Collider, giving them a chance to earn a bonus stake of up to 10x their original purchase amount. It’s a great way to earn additional growth and passive Bitcoin income!

With all of these new and unique features, it is not surprising that Axion is growing in popularity and usage, as it is likely the most unique DeFi protocol in the industry right now. And, its development is far from over, as its team is full of ideas to make the project even better.

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Government blockchain adoption is largely lacking trust, but this is solvable: World Bank

The World Bank has outlined the qualities of blockchain technology and the setbacks hindering wide government adoption.
The bank also proposes a “Three Layer” approach to curb the challenges identified.

Blockchain and distributed ledger technology (DLT) have gained several use cases in an array of industries globally. However, the technology still has milestones to achieve before its transformative power can be felt in governments.

According to a Dec. 2 blog by the World Bank Group, blockchain provides new ways for governments to organize processes and handle information. 

Over the past few years, governments in several countries have been experimenting with the application of this novel technology to a wide variety of functions and services, including land registration, educational credentialing, health care, procurement, food supply chains, and identity management.

Despite these commendable achievements, the financial institution notes that certain human and institutional factors are necessary for the wider adoption of blockchain by governments, the most important being trust. Bitcoin’s inventor, Satoshi Nakamoto, prioritized trust when proposing Bitcoin and its ledger, over banknotes. The virtue is a “superpower” and it gives blockchain a “relative advantage over other tools and technologies used in transaction and information processing.”

Additionally, the bank highlights the trust-promoting qualities of blockchain’s cryptography and distributed networking. Among them are that its ledger is tamper-proof, append-only, and immutable with confirmed and validated transactions.

Blockchain and the plagues of traditional economic systems

Citing Nobel prize-winning economist Kenneth Arrow, the World Bank points out that the lack of trust is highly detrimental to financial systems.

“Virtually every commercial transaction has within itself an element of trust, certainly any transaction conducted over a period of time,” Arrow wrote.

Lack of trust, according to the bank, undermines financial exchange in more ways than one. Transacting becomes increasingly harder, subsequently increasing monitoring and transaction costs. On top of that, contract monitoring becomes inefficient and sanctioning breached contracts becomes difficult. All these disadvantages are wiped out with blockchain technology “not only promoting trust but also improv[ing]process efficiency.”

Another factor that holds back blockchain adoption, is the lack of understanding of the technology itself. Aspects include DLT protocols such as Hyperledger and Quorum and network options such as public and private. Others are security and government mechanisms, information that should be included and that to be excluded, initial investments, and annual operating costs. All these need to be put into consideration when developing blockchain tech for areas lacking social trust.

The “Three Layer” paradigm

Concluding, the World Bank proposes a “Three Layer” design and implementation framework, to prevent potential glitches between the technology and its intended application. The framework comprises the social layer, data layer, and technical layer. The social layer constitutes human actors and social aspects such as incentives and motivation among others. The data layer is the ledger itself and what it provides in terms of usability, security, authenticity, and reliability. The technical layer comprises DLT protocols, data storage, and consensus mechanisms among others. The bank views this as a significant tool in encouraging faster blockchain adoption and transformative outcomes for governments.

Der Beitrag Government blockchain adoption is largely lacking trust, but this is solvable: World Bank erschien zuerst auf Crypto News Flash.