Bitcoin back in accumulation suggesting imminent breakout but institutions managing risk

Data from Glassnode shows that traders are withdrawing roughly 2,000 BTC from centralized exchanges daily.
Although interest in Bitcoin is still high, sophisticated traders and institutions are cautious and are spreading their risk.

As Bitcoin continues to trade in the $31,000 and $35,000 price range and analysts continue to differ on the direction the digital asset will take next. Despite this, investors continue to accumulate. According to data from Glassnode, Bitcoin reserves in centralized exchanges has fallen to levels not seen since April when Bitcoin was trading at its $65,000 ATH levels. At the time, the market craze was been driven by FOMO (Fear of Missing Out) with most analysts predicting a $100,000 BTC price tag before the end of the year. Glassnode notes that much of the BTC being withdrawn ended up in the Grayscale GBTC Trust and with institutions.

The research firm further details that there are currently around 2,000 BTC (worth roughly $66 million) outflows in centralized exchanges daily. The researcher’s notes;

On a 14-day moving average basis, the last two weeks, in particular, have seen a more positive return to exchange outflows, at a rate of ~2k BTC per day.

The new trend suggests that traders are confident and are in particular expecting a strong move in the short term. When the market is optimistic, traders are interested in purchasing and withdrawing their holdings from exchanges. The opposite is true when the market is cautious, traders are interested in selling and keep their holdings in exchanges for fast trade executions.

While retail traders are seemingly optimistic, the trend with large investors and institutions who prefer crypto funds to crypto exchanges seems to be one of caution.

Coinshare’s report suggests institutions uncertain of Bitcoin

The most recent report by digital asset manager CoinShares shows that there has been a relative change in small-cap and large-cap funds. Investors are increasingly withdrawing from Bitcoin and Ethereum, growing their exposure in multi-asset products. The firm wrote;

While the inflows [in multi-asset investment funds]remain relatively small in comparison to Bitcoin and Ethererum, the data does imply that investors are increasingly looking to diversify their digital asset holdings,

With traders also taking a key interest in small-cap coins, if and when the Bitcoin breakout takes place, altcoins are set to follow the trend and rally.

1 / Digital asset investment products saw minor outflows totalling US$4m last week in what was the quietest trading week since October 2020 pic.twitter.com/rdpoAGHW5f

— James Butterfill (@jbutterfill) July 12, 2021

Bitcoin remains hesitant despite developments around the technology suggesting that the worst is behind. Its recent turmoil was largely influenced by China’s mining crackdown. With the FUD over and most miners relocating to other regions and resuming operations, most traders expect Bitcoin to make a recovery.

Read More: Bitcoin on recovery mode: BTC exchange inflows drop, miners start accumulating

At the time of press, Bitcoin is still consolidating within a range but after a 3 percent drop has drifted to the $32,000 support.

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Australian government offers $5.6 Million AUD grant to two blockchain projects

The funding aims to explore the use of blockchain tech to bring supply chains solutions for Australia’s Critical Minerals and Food and Beverage sectors.
It will also help to substantially reduce compliance burdens associated with the process.

In a major announcement on Monday, July 13, the Australian government announced an AUD $5.6 million grant to two blockchain tech platforms that support supply chain solutions. The investment has happened through the country’s Blockchain Pilot Grants program.

The recipients of this funding are Everledger (QLC) and Convergence.tech (VIC). These two blockchain-based pilots will investigate the application of blockchain in supply chain solutions. This project specifically focuses on enhancing the productivity and competitiveness of Australia’s Critical Minerals and Food and Beverage sectors.

Besides, the Scott Morrison government stated that the research by these companies will help to ease regulatory compliance burdens. It will also fuel Australia’s adoption of blockchain technology while assisting businesses to solve real-world problems. Speaking about this project, Australia’s Minister for Industry, Science and Technology Christian Porter said:

The Blockchain Pilot Grants will demonstrate the potential for blockchain to help businesses to save money and cut red tape by improving processes such as tracking products throughout the supply chain and transferring customer information.

These two successful projects will also highlight opportunities to improve the technical and regulatory environment for blockchain in Australia, bolster blockchain literacy and support collaboration between Australian governments, the private sector and blockchain companies.

The disbursement of funds through blockchain pilot grants

Out of the total funding, Everledger (QLD) will receive a net of AUD $3.0 million to investigate the use of blockchain tech for digital certification of critical minerals throughout the extraction and movement phases. Thus, all companies in this space will maintain adherence to compliance regulations. Simultaneously, it will boost the demand for Australian products in the international market.

On the other hand, Convergence.tech (VIC) receives the remaining AUD $2,663,000 in the grant. The platform will leverage the blockchain tech to automate key reporting processes under the Excise system. Thus, companies operating in this sector will reduce compliance costs linked to the creation, storage and transportation of their products.

The latest funding comes under the Australian Government’s Digital Business package, announced in Federal Budget 2020-2021. Besides, it will directly align with the Government’s National Blockchain Roadmap announced last year in February 2020.

“The Blockchain Pilot Grants builds on the National Blockchain Roadmap which ensures Australia is well-positioned to take advantage of the opportunities this technology can enable,” said Porter.

This move from the Australian government shows its keenness to explore the merging technology. While the government is initiating measures to foster blockchain development, the citizens don’t have many friendly views on crypto-assets.

A recent survey shows ~75% of Australians think bitcoin is a bubble. On the other hand, a vast majority of Australians also think BTC to be a speculative asset.

Read More: Nearly 75% of Australians think Bitcoin is a bubble that will eventually burst- Research

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Energy Harbor partners with Standard Power in Ohio for nuclear Bitcoin mining power

Energy Harbor has maintained that it can ensure all of its BTC-mining endeavours rely on renewable energy.
Bitcoin miners have been compelled to shift their operations to crypto-friendlier grounds, such as in the U.S.

Energy Harbor Corporation (EHC), recently signed a 5-year deal with Standard Power to launch an eco-friendly Bitcoin mining operation. The latter is a leading hosting provider for blockchain mining companies. Following the launch, the carbon-free energy plant will provide electricity to a bitcoin mining unit in Coshocton, Ohio.

The two parties are yet to disclose the size of the mining plant or how much energy will be consumed. However, Energy Harbor has maintained that it can ensure all of its endeavours rely on renewable energy. According to a PR shared by Energy Harbor, the Bitcoin mining facility will begin receiving sustainable power later this year.

Harbor for Bitcoin mining

China has continued to widen its crackdown on cryptocurrency miners. The country has enforced these regulations to meet international agreements on carbon emissions and to cur ‘financial risk’. For these reasons, Bitcoin miners have been compelled to shift their operations to crypto-friendlier grounds, such as in the U.S.

For others, yet, this has become a business opportunity as they develop renewable energy mining set-ups. Such operations have intensified especially after Tesla CEO Elon Musk scrutinized Bitcoin for its high energy footprint. Musk further declined payment for his Tesla EVs in Bitcoin, causing a massive price crash in May. The tycoon said he might reconsider this decision, should 51 percent of Bitcoin mining utilize clean energy.

Standard Power’s CEO, Maxim Serezhin commented on this development saying:

We selected Ohio because of its low electricity costs with the availability of carbon-free sources of energy. By partnering with Energy Harbor, we have proactively structured our hosting capabilities to ensure that 100% of the power associated with this facility is carbon-free.

Ohio state also makes a strategic location for miners as it has friendly cryptocurrency policies. For instance, its Governor, John Kasich, signed a bill in August 2018 to make blockchain transactions acknowledgeable in state courts. Moreover, in November of the same year, Ohio legalized Bitcoin as a form of payment for taxes.

Pursuit of green BTC

The Proof-of-Work (PoW) mining algorithm has reduced the luster of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies using the same reward technique. US Treasure Secretary Janet Yellen admonished Bitcoin mining during a New York Times DealBook conference saying:

It’s an extremely inefficient way to conduct transactions, and the amount of energy consumed in those transactions is staggering.

The Bitcoin Mining Council is attempting to bring a better perception of Bitcoin besides promoting sustainable mining methods. The group was formed by several North American miners and is backed by MicroStrategy CEO Michael Saylor.

With the aim to become a reference point for the bitcoin mining industry, the Council has published statistics questioning the alarming data cited by politicians. One of their findings, tweeted by Saylor, stated that “mining electricity mix increased to 56% sustainable in Q2 2021, making Bitcoin one of the cleanest industries in the world.”

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Cardano developer portal goes live, 10 NFTAs minted to celebrate milestone

The Cardano Foundation has launched a developer portal to aid developers to build on the network.
Ten NFTAs were minted in celebration of the launch.

The Cardano Foundation on July 12 announced the launch of the Cardano Developer Portal. The portal launch was announced in a tweet. According to the tweet, the goal of the portal is to make building on Cardano easier using ‘brand new content and resources.’ 

Created by Ethereum co-founder Charles Hoskinson, Cardano is a third-generation, Proof of Stake (PoS) blockchain platform. The decentralised platform was launched in 2017 with its native coin ADA named after the mathematician Ada Lovelace. It was created to be more efficient than existing Proof of Work networks like Ethereum.  Scalability, interoperability, and sustainability are touted as key features that put Cardano above PoW networks like Ethereum.

Easier building on the Cardano blockchain

The developer portal showcases some tools and features on the network that developers will find useful. These include; The ability to integrate Cardano into websites and applications, NFT and token creation without the use of smart contracts, and Transaction tracking through the use of metadata.

It’s finally here! And we are accepting all builds

Find out about the topics covered in the #Cardano Developer Portal and the world’s first (10) minted NFTAs on the #Cardano #blockchain
Forum https://t.co/z3QVCEbxw6
Dev Portal https://t.co/3y1bKN4EW0#CardanoCommunity pic.twitter.com/cs4xEhlM0c

— Cardano Foundation (@CardanoStiftung) July 13, 2021

To celebrate the launch, the team minted the first-ever Non-Fungible Tokens of Appreciation (NFTAs) on the Cardano network.

“After months of writing, polishing and checking, we are confident the portal now has a very solid basis, covering everything currently possible on the Cardano mainnet. Whether you want to implement transaction metadata, mint native tokens, integrate Cardano, operate a stake pool or get your project funded: there is something for pretty much everyone. All this, right before the Alonzo hard fork which will bring smart contract capabilities. So yes, I am super excited,” says Tommy Kammerer, Developer Community Lead.  

The ten NFTAs are all based on thumbs-up photos of Cardano community members expressing their approval for the newly launched portal. They come with a QR code, which, when scanned, leads to the Cardano blockchain explorer where a user can verify ownership of the token. The tokens also grant the bearer the chance to highlight a topic of choice on the developer portal.

Sidney Vollmer, head of Brand and Communications at the Cardano Foundation added;

 Both the scope of topics covered in the Portal and the way that we are promoting them with these NFTAs show the amazing possibilities Cardano offers. It is something lots of people still need to get accustomed to. With the help of our community, they will.

 Real-life applications on the network

An example of a tangible, real-life application of the network’s identity management and traceability features is its use in Ethiopia to create a student and teacher database.

In April 2021, the government of Ethiopia revealed that it had entered a deal for the creation of a country-wide database of  5 million teachers and students. Using a decentralised digital identity solution, individual IDs of the students and teachers from some 3,500 schools will be created for the purpose of storing and tracking educational records. Minister of Education Getahun Mekuria believes the database will improve the country quality of education. The project is expected to be completed after 2022.

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Jeffrey Dahmer – The Milwaukee Cannibal

Jaffrey Lionel Dahmer is also popular as the Milwaukee Monster or the Milwaukee Cannibal. He was an American sex offender and serial killer who has killed 17 boys and men from the year 1978 to 1991.

 

The crimes committed by Jeffrey Dahmer

Dahmer’s great fantasy, recurring since his adolescent sexual awakening, was to have a lover over whom he could exercise “total control” and have him by his side for as long as possible. But he was unable to do so by consensus, so his standard procedure – or as he called it, ‘his plan’ – was to pick up a man, take him home, drug him into unconsciousness, kill him, have sex with him.

In addition, he used to take pictures of the whole process: the police found in his apartment 83 Polaroids with different phases of the dismemberment process.x

His first two murders happened unplanned. The first, at the age of 18, took place when his mother left him home alone for weeks and led to the materialization of another fantasy: picking up a hitchhiker and exercise full control over it.

So, he took home a handsome hitchhiker and they shared joints and alcohol until he wanted to leave and Dahmer stopped him by killing him with a barbell.

The second time, 8 years later, it happened unintentionally since he took a lover to a hotel room and found him dead next to him in the morning. Either due to excess alcohol or a dissociative state, Dahmer was not aware of having murdered him although the responsibility was evident because they were in bed together and he had defensive wounds on his arms.

From then on, he gave in more and more frequently to his impulses: he committed two other crimes in 1988, one in 1989, four in 1990, and eight in 1991, until he was arrested in July.

 

The police failed more than a fairground shotgun

Dahmer was able to be detained on numerous occasions but the lack of police expertise allowed him to continue his necrophilic orgies. For example, after killing and dismembering his first victim, he set out to take his remains, which he put in three large garbage bags, to a landfill.

But on the way, two police cars stopped him because he was stepping on the continuous line. In a situation of maximum stress for Dahmer, he was able to remain calm and by asking what he was carrying in the bags he was able to convince them that he was going to throw out the trash. But beware: all this happened at 3 in the morning and the car gave off a nauseating smell of a decomposing corpse.

 

We never suspected anything, always said hello when throwing out the trash

Quiet and somewhat shy, Dahmer was a very polite man who spoke calmly and displayed a rare charisma. He had quite an attractive physical appearance (tall, blond, blue eyes, in good shape) although he had a strange gait with his arms close to his body that was accentuated by his drooping shoulders.

It is not surprising that those who are guided by the saying “the face is the mirror of the soul” were greatly disappointed when his atrocities came to light.

And, let’s face it if you ring the bell and through the peephole, you see Charles Manson with his insane gaze and a swastika tattooed on his forehead, surely they would not open the door. To add insult to injury, the same neighbors who were not suspicious of Jeffrey’s nice man thought he was cooking tripe when he boiled human remains to separate the meat from the bones.

However, several women offered themselves to Dahmer in marriage to the attractive and angelic image that he displayed in his court appearances.

 

Alienated or not alienated, that is the question

Either because he was finally able to abandon the double life he led or because the evidence against him was indefensible, Dahmer pleaded guilty to 17 crimes.

The point was, he pleaded guilty but alienated, while the prosecution sought a conviction of guilt without alienation. Under the laws, where there is no death penalty, the difference was that, although Dahmer was never going to hit the street again, his confinement would take place in a mental institution if he won the defense or, otherwise, in a correctional facility.

I am not a racist, in fact, many of my victims are not black:

Dahmer used to be outraged when he was called a racist because most of his victims were black. He wanted to make it clear that he had nothing against blacks and if he killed, raped, tortured, etc. to men of this ethnic group it was simply because they were the most numerous in the gay bars where they moved when their murderous activity raged.

Let’s not confuse things, he came to say: call me anything but racist, please.

Great movies based on true crimes

Man has long offered us epic human adventures. Tragic or memorable, these stories also made the heyday of cinema.

Adapted for the big screen, films inspired by true stories are often the most gripping. Involved in the story, the spectator watches them as a witness to the action.

Here is a non-exhaustive list of the 10 films inspired by true stories that have marked the cinema by establishing themselves as references of the genre, which we advise you to see at least once in your life:

 

1. American Sniper – Clint Eastwood (2015):

Chris Kyle is one of the best marksmen of the American army, sent to Iraq. He is so gifted that he is given the nickname “The Legend”. But back in the country, “normal” life struggles to regain its course.

Project much discussed in the United States, there is nonetheless a success still signed by Clint Eastwood, with a Bradley Cooper who managed to make us forget his comedic escapades from “The Hangover” during this film.

 

2. Conjuring: The Warren Files – James Wan (2013):

Ed and Lorraine Warren have been revealed to the general public for having, by order of a judge, investigated the notorious “owned” house in Amityville. 

True investigators of the paranormal world, the only couple mandated by the church in the 1970s for (in particular) exorcisms, this first film reveals the underside of one of their most terrifying cases. So, if you doubted it, the forces of paranormal exist and this movie will keep you awake for a while.

 

3. The Wolf of Wall Street – Martin Scorsese (2013):

The film chronicles the rise of the wacky trader Jordan Belfort in the 80s on Wall Street when traders were considered the kings of finance. The role of Jordan is perfectly interpreted by Leonardo DiCaprio whether in his most serious moments as in his excesses.

On the program: Sex, drugs, alcohol, and rock’n’roll during 3 rhythmic hours, filmed by the great Martin Scorsese.

 

4. War Dogs – Todd Phillips – August 3 (2016):

Two friends in their twenties, more used to smoking joints than to working, will succeed in winning a large call for tenders posted online by the Pentagon and grab an order arms worth 300 million dollars, during the second Iraq war, in 2007. The contract? Arm the Afghan soldiers. But the mission will put them in contact with disreputable people, some of whom are even part of the American government.

Jonah Hill (Efraim) and Miles Teller (David), led by director Todd Phillips (“The Hangover”), deliver a completely crazy and hilarious performance in this film inspired by a story larger than life. 

War Dogs mix action film and comedy, as if “Lord of War” had been directed by Judd Apatow more turned on than ever. Fans of comedy and action will be in heaven.

 

5. Once Upon a Time in America – Sergio Leone (1984):

Once Upon a Time in America spans different periods in the history of the United States, notably from the 1920s to the 1960s, from Prohibition to the highest levels of the United States. 

Don’t stop at 4:11 of the film! Admittedly, it lasts a long time and seems inaccessible, but the young Robert de Niro and the general direction are well worth the detour. And the music of Ennio Morricone is a feast for the ears.

 

6. Malcolm X – Spike Lee (1992):

The story of the black American leader of “Nation of Islam”. His childhood, prison, his faith, his marriage, and his murder. Just the mention of Denzel Washington’s name should be enough to convince you to see this biopic of an essential character in American history.

 

7. The Last Samurai – Edward Zwick (2003):

The Last Samurai is a free adaptation of the events of the revolt of the Satsuma samurai clan in 1877 against the Imperial Japanese Army.

Tom Cruise delivers in this film a fabulous and convincing interpretation of his role as captain of the United States Army.

 

8. Catch Me If You Can – Steven Spielberg (2002):

Frank Abagnale Jr is the most famous forger of the 1960s. The film is about how an FBI agent, Carl Hanratty, stalked him for years before he caught him. Leonardo DiCaprio and Tom Hanks appear at the top of their acting game in a fast-paced, exciting, and stylish ’60s chase that pleases the eyes.

 

9. Aviator – Martin Scorsese (2005):

Aviator tells the story of American billionaire Howard Hughes, industrialist and pioneer of civil aviation, from his glory to his loss. A portrait both magical and mysterious, of this multifaceted seducer, played by Leonardo DiCaprio, who should have won an Oscar for his game (but that is up to us).

 

10. Into the Wild – Sean Penn (2008):

Christopher McCandless, 22 years old, freshly graduated and very bright feels a lack of surprise in his existence which pushes him to hit the road leaving everything behind. Realization of actor Oscar winner Sean Penn, Into the Wild is a hymn to freedom. Carried by the music of Eddie Vedder, it will give you a love of the great outdoors.

Artificial Intelligence to identify crimes committed by gangs:

Crimes are not something new. There is evidence that criminals have been around since we have written records. What has not happened so far is that thanks to those previous records, crime can be prosecuted and even prevented. Artificial Intelligence (AI) as a tool against crime is already used in several countries around the world.

As artificial intelligence is a broad-spectrum tool — driving autonomous vehicles, helping political decision-making, or improving our health are some of its benefits. It is a rare crixqme sector that it will not pursue. It is already used to manage police resources, detect false reports, solve crimes and even advise criminals to prevent them from going back to their old ways. We take a tour of some of the AI ​​tools used in crime prevention.

 

Artificial intelligence to solve crimes?

In mid-2018, the Netherlands published a program capable of rescuing the cold cases, open cases whose tracks had long since gone cold. A large number of crimes end up archived for lack of threads to pull, but it is expected that the development of artificial intelligence will be able to rescue a few. At least if police reports are digitized, of course. Most of them are still handwritten.

Also in the Netherlands, the Terre des Hommes association designed a bait for pedophiles. Her name is Sweetie and she is a fake girl who chats looking for criminals. In just 10 weeks, Sweetie was able to find 20,000 pedophiles and identify at least 1,000. Scott Robert Hanses, an Australian, was the first to be arrested. This happened in 2013. The program is being used by police around the world.

With funding from the European Union, in 2017 VALCRI (Visual Analytics for Sense-making in Criminal Intelligence Analysis) began to be developed, a program that uses artificial intelligence combined with visual analysis and closed-circuit cameras to identify suspects. At the moment, it is still in the experimentation phase, but it promises results.

The use of cameras in AI is very common because we have been training advanced algorithms with millions of images for years. Google Image Search is one such example. Another is the photographic retouching that we find in mobile phones such as the Huawei Mate20 Pro or Huawei P20 Pro, capable of selecting advanced settings at the time of the shooting.

 

The importance of ethics in pre-crime

Knowing when a crime will be committed is impossible unless you have reliable data to guide you in this regard. The idea is not new. In 1931, Chicago-based criminologists Clifford R Shaw and Henry D McKay began collecting data on juvenile delinquency. They concluded that location and time frame are key values ​​when pursuing future crime.

Today, pre-crime units use big data to establish so-called “hot spots,” places where the next crime is most likely to emerge. However, what data to use is also key if you are looking for ethical systems. We have been wrong in the past.

For example, the first pre-crime systems mobilized assets to marginal neighborhoods due to the bias of the police who for years had directed their operations there. This bias has been corrected in New York with an AI-based facial recognition system that has managed to locate 21,000 identity frauds in a matter of two years.

Also in New York, they use the CompStat program, which aims to prosecute minor crimes. Human trafficking mafias, for example, use capital from equally illicit activities, such as cloning cards or robberies at ATMs. To do this, they monitor certain profiles throughout the city in an attempt to nip crime in the bud.

At the same time, in the Californian town of Santa Cruz, they use PredPol, which from historical data can determine, hour by hour, where a robbery or gang fight is most likely to take place. Something similar, although much more invasive, they do in China with programs like Watrix, just released in November 2018.

Looking at our country, in recent years a police team has managed to develop, with considerable success. A system capable of distinguishing false from true complaints by how they have been written.

A false declaration not only implies the loss of time of the agent who collects it after it a device is activated that investigates the event. Thousands of euros simply for starting the case, many more if it continues.

 

What if you stop crime?

In England, they have opted for a different approach to pre-crime. If China imprisons without prior notice those who believe they will commit a crime, New York mobilizes patrols to hot spots and scans documents to verify if a complaint is behind a crime, in England, they have chosen to advise criminals not to repeat offenders. Also using AI.

In this way, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has much to contribute to the creation of a more just society, and the prosecution of uncivil behavior is one of the first steps.

Jack The Ripper – A creepy serial killer:

The Cleveland Ripper is also known as Jack the Ripper. The identity of the author of the brutal murder of five prostitutes in the East End of London in 1888 remains a mystery that fuels all kinds of theories more than a century later.

In fact, despite more than a century, investigators are still trying to uncover the murderer with the most advanced criminal science techniques available.

Late 19th century. England is the most powerful of the nations on Earth, and London, the largest city in the world. Even without knowing it, that is something that any traveler can intuit at a glance.

The towers of Westminster Parliament stand proud to speak of British political dominance, just as City banks control international trade. Meanwhile, the Times gives an account of the amusements of the aristocracy in everything that goes from the music hall to the drives to hunt the fox.

To keep the peace, the Navy rules the seas and the admired British police reveal, on sight, the splendor of the Empire. From Buckingham Palace, Queen Victoria crowns the brightest and most powerful age in English history.

However, not everything is brilliance in that England. And to prove it, you don’t have to go to the coal mines or the “satanic looms” of Manchester.

Just a short walk from the elegance of the West End, London still has an area “unexplored as Timbuktu”. It is the East End and, within the East End, Whitechapel is the place where misery bottoms out.

We speak of a maze of alleys flooded by the smelly fumes of the Thames. From an underworld where disease, alcoholism, and prostitution wreak havoc on their 80,000 souls.

From a neighborhood whose houses crowded together, seem to lean menacingly over whoever gathers the courage to walk in its shade. Whitechapel is the London the rest of London doesn’t want to see. But, in the autumn of 1888, all of England would end up looking back at this low-grade neighborhood. Because Whitechapel was to be the sinister scene of the crimes of Jack the Ripper.

 

The Enigma of the murderer

Jack the Ripper may not have been the deadliest of murderers. In return, he may well be one of the cruelest and – without a doubt – is the most famous of them all.

Could it be that his name, still his, evokes that fear that only a few steps can provoke in the dark, the glare of a sudden knife on a lonely street?

It will be that some criminals were never captured, but that he had to be given an alias because his identity was not even captured. It will be, finally, that “the crimes of Whitechapel” shook the well-being foundations of Victorian society and revealed the existence of a different, humiliated, and poor Britain.

However, these explanations are not enough to clarify why, more than 125 years later, the figure of the Ripper has become a legend. Why do books and more books keep appearing about his crimes, why are there magazines specialized in studying his profile, or why research has even given a name to a subject, “Ripperology”, halfway between science and mere speculation.

The answer is simple: had he been caught, Jack the Ripper would have long since ceased to interest us. But it happens that, so long later, what we know about him is, in essence, the same thing that they knew about him in his time: nothing. Nothing true, nothing certain, absolutely nothing.

For this reason, no one should be surprised that, out of so many mysteries surrounding the Ripper, every few months new hypotheses about his identity appear on time.

There have been them for all tastes and all fantasies, as can be verified with one fact: if for some the Ripper was nothing less than a lofty personage of the Royal House, others have postulated that the murderer was a gorilla escaped from the zoo.

 

Nobody will know anything

The more benevolent writers claim that the deaths of 1888 served to take seriously the situation in truly deadly suburbs like Whitechapel.

The unsanitary conditions of these plague areas would, in effect, reach the parliamentary seat. By then, however, the Ripper’s murderous fever had already become, as one of the city’s great historians puts it, “an enduring aspect of London’s myth.”

Jack the Ripper was the first criminal of a great metropolis. And the miserable atmosphere of that feverish East End contributed to the fact that “the streets and houses of the neighborhood were identified with the same crimes, almost to the point of sharing the blame, as if the spirit or the atmosphere of the city had a role in deaths”.

In the end, the true milestone of the Jack the Ripper case is that all the unsolved crimes eventually refer back to yours. Perhaps to redeem that interest of the morbid, not so long ago that, in a poll, Jack the Ripper was chosen “the worst Briton in history”.

Smart Weapons and Killer Drones

What are smart weapons?

The principle of the “smart bullet” is based on the detection of a target – Two security researchers, Runa Sandvik and Michael Auger looked at the security of the on-board software of the assisted rifles manufactured by TrackingPoint. 

To discover, unsurprisingly, major flaws that they will present next week on the occasion of the US edition of the Black Hat conference. The main weak point of these rifles is an easy to guess default password. This is supposed to block the connection to the Wi-Fi network generated by the firearm. 

This network provides access to a video stream in real-time, this is the ShotView function. This wireless connection can also be used with a computerized eyewear app to aim and shoot without exposure.

It provides access to the Linux operating system embedded in the assist rifle. From there, the two researchers managed to figure out how to modify the parameters for calculating the trajectory of the weapon, without the knowledge of the user: enough to make him miss his target or force him to hit another. 

But they were able to go further, to obtain root-level rights: enough to permanently alter the embedded software and its configuration. 

The only reassuring news raised by our colleagues at Wired, who had the first to demonstrate: impossible to force the rifle to fire from a distance; the trigger must be manually activated.

 

What are killer drones?

A combat drone (UCAV: Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle) is a particular type of drone (UAV: Unmanned Air Vehicle). It is equipped with observation equipment and/or various weapons. It should be distinguished from the suicide drone, which is also a combat drone, but itself is the main ammunition.

Second, the MQ-9 Reaper is not more autonomous. Their use does not raise the “question of knowing if it is useful and conceivable, to leave to the machine the decision to open fire on a target”. 

And if, “on a battlefield, an armed drone can demonstrate as much or even more “humanity” than a human soldier, contrary to what the authors claim. Because in the case of the Reaper, as with all drones in existence, it is always a human, under political guidelines, who chooses the target and orders the crew to open fire. 

There is a certain degree of autonomy, or rather piloting aid, in some models, but this only concerns navigation – take off and land alone, like all civil aircraft of Airbus or Boeing for example – in any case targeting and opening fire.

 

Why and how armies care about killer robots?

A parliamentary report highlights a new arms race based on artificial intelligence. The United States, Russia, and China are interested in this to gain technological superiority over the adversary. France prohibits the use of weapons systems beyond human control.

 

The risk of gearing up

The risk of Beyond this semantic battle over killer robots, all the armies of the world are interested and take a stand. The deputies even describe the risk of overbidding in this area. 

In particular on the part of the great military powers: to minimize human losses, the Russian generals would have bet on the replacement of their soldiers by robotic units, leading the Americans to make even if they were faced with such an army, as the Chinese military is preparing for it integrating AI in high doses into their new weapon systems.

“There is a form of gear,” warn the rapporteurs. Their document evokes technological advances made by these great powers. The United States is developing the Sea Hunter, a 60-meter autonomous transoceanic ship dedicated to anti-submarine warfare and capable of navigating international waters while adapting autonomously to the navigation rules in force. 

In the naval field, China has designed an autonomous submarine HSU 001, of relatively small size, to mesh the oceans. As for Russia, it relies above all on robotization. She developed a small tank capable of following a soldier and firing at the same target.

Faced with these different military strategies, the report’s authors believe, however, that the development of ever more autonomous weapon systems is inevitable and that their development must even be supported. 

“It is important that France and Europe more generally do not remain on the sidelines of the artificial intelligence revolution. This is not a possible choice. At the risk of a strategic downgrading, research must be carried out, make developments in the field of artificial intelligence of defense”, recommend the deputies. 

According to them, the autonomy of weapons systems lies at the heart of a new arms race and Europe must be part of it, while remaining respectful of ethical principles and international humanitarian law.

By considering all the issues and problems that will encounter in the future due to the advanced system there may be a chance of misuse and it may have control over humans which leads to a non-imaginable life.

The reasons why we like horror movies

In a horror movie, people are rarely going to do something else at the same time. We are completely absorbed in the action. Up to a point you kind of losing track of where I am, what time it is, what the day it is, and that does the brain good now and then.

Over time, and especially with evolution, our brains have learned to devote all of their attention to the danger they face if they are to survive.

Emotions like fear and physiological responses like stress have always served us well. It allowed our ancestors to survive threats long enough to have the chance to pass their genes to the next generation. Since these characteristics have served the survival of the species so well, it has been preserved from generation to generation.

This Halloween season our basic instincts are entertained by all this bloody and horrifying spectacle, monsters, insanities, and the supernatural. Although viewed more as a niche market, horror films delight avid fans and fill theaters. Getting scared seems like a fun pastime.

The question that can be asked is: why? If we find the horrible so repulsive, why do we pay to go and watch it in the movies or on TV?

Factors that increase the feeling of fear in horror movies:

  • The amount of information before the film.
  • Music and sounds from the movie.
  • The personality and gender of the person watching the film.

Pleasure and satisfactory Hormones:

Fear is a natural emotion. Daily, it is triggered by our survival instinct at the time of danger to put us in a state of vigilance. It makes it possible to verify that our warning system is functioning. 

When you experience this emotion, “hormones like endorphin and adrenaline is secreted,” reveals the professional, and advice to overcome fear. 

Once the emotion has passed, “dopamine, a very addictive satisfaction hormone is a real reward”, continues the psychoanalyst. Satisfied with having overcome fear, we feel pleasure. However, we are not all equal in the face of horror. 

Some people get scared so easily that they don’t prefer to watch these films and others may be addicted to them thanks to the great satisfaction benefit of having overcome fear. 

Watching representations of death sitting on a cinema chair or a sofa also helps to tame and triumph over it.

 

Hyper Vigilance State

This state of hyper-vigilance allows many to drop out completely, to avoid the rumination of the last few days or the anticipation of the next, hence the interest they find there.

“Being in this state, we are 100 percent in it,” said the researcher. We’re completely focused on what’s going on. So that can be good too, people who tend to always have the rolling hamster, well this is a moment where we give the brain a break, we are 100 percent in the emotion, at the moment. ”

There are also endorphins because once it’s over, we feel better, endorphins are released and endorphins we know, we call them pleasure hormones, so it can become addictive. You might want to go back and experience that emotion.

But ultimately, the brain is not fooled. He knows very well that the danger is not real and that he can extract himself from the situation at any time if it becomes unbearable

Two methods to reduce your fear in front of a horror movie:

  • Desensitization: hiding your eyes (fleeing) and then starting to watch the film again through your fingers (desensitization).
  • The cognitive strategy, which consists of speaking during the film about your fear, as if to reduce it.

 

Conclusion

Answering this question will not advance thinking about the appeal of horror films. These are not all the same and they do not produce the same effects in the audience. 

This genre of cinema is so vast and varied that it would be difficult to come up with a definition that would include all the horror films made to date. 

Also, we don’t all watch all of these movies for the same reasons. The complexity of the human brain, as well as the great variety in the tastes of horror movie spectators, do not allow us to be satisfied with a simplistic and universal explanation. 

The avenues presented above are far from exhaustive answers to the question. Cinema is seen by some as the ultimate art, an intense and complete sensory experience, a synthesis of all other art forms. 

Photography, dramaturgy, decoration, theater, literature, and music are all found in one form or another in cinema. To come up with a full explanation of the effects of this great art on the human psyche would be impossible. Cinema, like the human mind, can only be reduced to one theory, one definition, or one answer.